Chimpanzee Tracking in Uganda.
The chimpanzee also known as the common chimpanzee, robust chimpanzee, or simply “chimp”, is a species of great ape native to the forests and savannas of tropical Africa. Chimpanzee Tracking is mostly done in Africa with exceptional visit to Ngamba Island.
It has four confirmed subspecies and a fifth proposed subspecies. The chimpanzee and the closely related bonobo are classified in the genus Pan. Evidence from fossils and DNA sequencing shows that Pan is a sister taxon to the human lineage and are humans’ closest living relatives.
Chimpanzee is classified as a great ape and sharing 98% of our genes these primates are larger than one would think with males weighing up to 70kg and when standing reaching a height of 1.7m.
Four subspecies of chimpanzee exist across Africa, the Western, Central, Eastern and Nigeria Chimpanzee. Prominent characteristics include long arms, opposable thumbs, a black/brownish fur and bare skin on their face, palms, ears and soles of the feet.
Highly sociable primates they move in flexible groups of between 15-80 individuals with one dominant male, and communicate through a series of screams, pant hoots, squeaks and barks. Locomotion during the day is often on the ground and can either be bipedally or knuckle walking.
Diet consists of leaves, fruit and other vegetation with males sometimes forming a group to hunt in packs animals such as small antelope, monkeys and baboons.
Distribution of chimpanzee
The Eastern chimpanzee is a subspecies that occurs in Uganda,Tanzania, Southern Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Present throughout a number of African countries with the largest populations existing in Gabon, DRC and Cameroon.
Best time for chimpanzee tracking – In Uganda , chimpanzee tracking can be done throughout the year as it s top primate safari destination in the entire region as it has top destinations like Kibale forest national park , Kalinzu forest & Budongo yet in Tanzania , chimpanzee tracking is done in Gombe stream national park , yet in Rwanda , chimpanzee tracking is done in Nyungwe forest national park .
Chimpanzee Tracking can be done all year around with special visit even to the ngamba islands for chimpanzee trekking , you will be required to secure a chimpanzee tracking permit during your stay in the wilderness .
Chimpanzee Habituation in Kibale
Chimpanzee Habituation is based at Kanyanchu in Kibale National Park. The primary attraction at Kanyanchu is the primate walk that provides the chance to observe chimpanzees in their natural habitat, Kanyanchu’s groups are accustomed to human presence because some have been observed for over 25 years and the chance of locating them is over 90%.
Chimpanzee habituation is aimed at getting the chimpanzees used to human presence and is a long process that can take up to two years before a group of chimpanzees can safely be considered habituated. Early visitors can watch chimps leaving their overnight nests early in the morning between 6:00 – 6:30am before, you will see them taking part in are copulating, feeding and jockeying for attention, infants playing, hunting, breastfeeding for little ones, drinking from rain puddles, resting, patrolling and displaying until it is time to build new nests around 7pm, you are advised to take an early breakfast and packed lunch for interesting and memorable day.
The Chimpanzee Habituation in Kibale gives visitors the opportunity for an extended and more personal involvement with researchers and habituators in the Chimpanzee habituation program, Take pictures of chimpanzees doing various things as the day goes on, identify the unique features and differences that set each one apart, and learn how to identify the different chimpanzees as individuals, collect their droppings, learn about their feeding habits, track them in case you find when they have left their nests.
This activity means Spending an entire day with the chimps, from locating them via their pant hoots in the morning to them nesting at night, it is a small group of four people maximum and Ranger which enable you get much closer to the chimps than often happens during the larger group chimpanzee walks.